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I am found somebody who Why is it called heroin gypsy

Heroin is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from poppy plants. Heroin is a highly addictive drug. It is the most fast-acting and one of the most abused opiates.

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The opioid family of drugs includes natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic opioids. Opiates, such as morphine and codeine, are natural opioids found in the opium poppy. Synthetic opioids, such as methadoneare chemically made. Heroin is a semi-synthetic opioid: it is made from morphine that has been chemically processed.

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The discovery of heroin and the development of heroin abuse are introduced. Heroin, the hydrochloride of diacetylmorphine, was discovered by acetylation of morphine. Heroin, in pharmacological studies, proved to be more effective than morphine or codeine.

The Bayer Company started the production of heroin in on a commercial scale. The first clinical were so promising that heroin was considered a wonder drug. Indeed, heroin was more effective than codeine in respiratory diseases. It has turned out, however, that repeated administration of heroin in the development of tolerance and the patients become heroin-addicts soon.

Facts about heroin

In the early s morphine addicts "discovered" the euphorising properties of heroin and this effect was enhanced by intravenous administration. Heroin became a narcotic drug and its abuse began to spread quickly.

Restrictions on its production, use and distribution were regulated by international treties. The total ban on heroin production was also proposed.

As a result of the strict regulations the production and cosumption of heroin showed a ificant decrease after At the same time the underworld recognized the shortage of heroin and started the illicit production and trafficking.

The quantity of heroin seized by law enforcement agencies in the past decades rose gradually. As an indicator of the worldwide heroin market, the quantity of confiscated heroin underwent a tenfold increase since The paper surveys the most important heroin-producing and trafficking countries. Heroin, prepared in clandestine "kitchen" or "jungle" laboratories, is diluted "cut" by every member of the illegal heroin distributing chain, i.

What is heroin?

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The heroin history

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Abstract The discovery of heroin and the development of heroin abuse are introduced. Similar articles Evaluating explanations of the Australian 'heroin shortage'. Degenhardt L, et al. PMID: Review. Heroin prescription and history. Berridge V. N Engl J Med. PMID: No abstract available.

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A tale of two policies: the French connection, methadone, and heroin epidemics. Agar M, Reisinger HS. Agar M, et al. Cult Med Psychiatry.

PMID: Chast F. Hist Sci Med. PMID: French. Development of pharmaceutical heroin preparations for medical co-prescription to opioid dependent patients. Klous MG, et al. Drug Alcohol Depend.

See all similar articles. Cited by 1 article Opioids and the treatment of chronic pain: controversies, current status, and future directions. Rosenblum A, et al. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. Publication types Historical Article Actions. History, 20th Century Actions. Humans Actions. Substances Illicit Drugs Actions. Narcotics Actions. Heroin Actions. Copy Download.