Belgium lies at the political heart of the European Union and it is the most cosmopolitan of all EU states. This may go some way to explaining its strongly free-market approach to businesses wishing to set up a company in Belgium. The authorities impose relatively few restrictions on foreign companies operating within the country.

Belgium is also the most prosperous country in the EU apart from Luxembourg. Most common types of companies in Belgium company limited by shares (S.A./N.V.)  private limited liability company (S.P.R.L./B.V.B.A.)